Atkeson, Lonna Rae. 2003. “Not All Cues Are Created Equal: The Conditional Impact of Female Candidates on Political Engagement.” The Journal of Politics 65(4): 1040–61.

Atkeson, Lonna Rae, and Nancy Carrillo. 2007. “More Is Better: The Influence of Collective Female Descriptive Representation on External Efficacy.” Politics & Gender 3(1): 79–101.

Barbara Lee Family Foundation. 2011. “Turning Point: The Changing Landscape for Women.”

Barbara Lee Family Foundation. 2018. “Relaunch: Resilience and Rebuilding for Women Candidates After an Electoral Loss.”

Bauer, Nichole. 2017. “The Effects of Counterstereotypic Gender Strategies on Candidate Evaluations.” Political Psychology 38(2): 279–295.

Bauer, Nichole. 2019. “A Feminine Advantage? Delineating the Effects of Feminine Trait and Feminine Issue Messages on Evaluations of Female Candidates.” Politics & Gender (Online First).

Bauer, Nichole, and Colleen Carpinella. 2018. “Visual Information and Candidate Evaluations: The Influence of Feminine and Masculine Images on Support of Female Candidates.” Political Research Quarterly 71(2): 395–407.

Bejarano, Christina. 2013. The Latina Advantage Gender, Race, and Political Success. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.

Brown, Nadia, and Sarah Gershon. 2016. Distinct Identities: Minority Women in U.S. Politics. New York, NY: Routledge.

Bunyasi, Tehama Lopez, and Candis Watts Smith. 2018. “Get in Formation: Black Women’s Participation in the Women’s March on Washington as an Act of Pragmatic Utopianism.” The Black Scholar 48(3): 4-16.

Burns, Nancy, Kay Lehman Schlozman, and Sidney Verba. 2001. The Private Roots of Public Action: Gender, Equality, and Political Participation. 1st edition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Campbell, David E., and Christina Wolbrecht. 2006. “See Jane Run: Women Politicians as Role Models for Adolescents.” Journal of Politics 68(2): 233–47.

Carew, Jessica Denyse Johnson. 2012. “‘Lifting as We Climb?’ The Role of Stereotypes in the Evaluation of Political Candidates at the Intersection of Race and Gender.” PhD Dissertation. Duke University.

Carew, Jessica Denyse Johnson. 2016. “Stereotyping of Black Women in Elections.” In Dis­tinct Identities: Minority Women in U.S. Politics, eds. Nadia E. Brown and Sarah Allen Gershon. New York, NY: Routledge, 95–115.

Cargile, Ivy A. M. 2016. “Latina Issues: An Analysis of the Policy Issue Competencies of Latina Candidates.” In Dis­tinct Identities: Minority Women in U.S. Politics, eds. Nadia E. Brown and Sarah Allen Gershon. New York, NY: Routledge, 134-50.

Cargile, Ivy A. M, Jennifer L. Merolla, and Jean Reith Schroedel. 2016. “Intersectionality and Latino/a Candidate Evaluation.” In Latinas in American Politics: Changing and Embracing Political Tradition, eds. Sharon A. Navarro, Samantha L. Hernandez, and Leslie A. Navarro. Lanham, MD: Lexington Press, 39-60.

Carroll, Susan J., and Kira Sanbonmatsu. 2013. More Women Can Run: Gender and Pathways to the State Legislatures. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Cassese, Erin and Mirya Holman. 2018. “Party and Gender Stereotypes in Campaign Attacks.” Political Behavior 40(3): 785–807.

Caughell, Leslie. 2016. “When Playing the Woman Card is Playing Trump: Assessing the Efficacy of Framing Campaigns as Historic.” PS: Political Science & Politics 49(4): 736-742.

Cooperman, Rosalyn. 2020. “On the Money: Assessing the Campaign-Finance Networks of Women Congressional Candidates.” In Politicking While Female: The Political Lives of Women , ed. Nichole M. Bauer. Baton Rouge, LA: Lousiana State University Press, 71-90.

Cooperman, Rosalyn, and Melody Crowder-Meyer. 2018. “A Run for Their Money: Republican Women’s Hard Road to Campaign Funding.” In The Right Women: Republican Party Activists, Candidates, and Legislators, eds.Malliga Och and Shauna Shames. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 107-130.

Crowder-Meyer, Melody. 2018. “Baker, Bus Driver, Babysitter, Candidate? Revealing the Gendered Development of Political Ambition Among Ordinary Americans.” Political Behavior 42: 359-384.

Crowder-Meyer, Melody, and Rosalyn Cooperman. 2018. “Can’t Buy Them Love: How Party Culture among Donors Contributes to the Party Gap in Women’s Representation.” The Journal of Politics 80(4): 1211–1224.

Dittmar, Kelly. 2015. Navigating Gendered Terrain Stereotypes and Strategy in Political Campaigns. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

Dittmar, Kelly. 2020. “Urgency and Ambition:The Influence of Political Environment and Emotion in Spurring U.S. Women’s Candidacies in 2018.” European Journal of Politics and Gender 3(1): 143-160.

Dittmar, Kelly. 2020. “Gendered Aspects of Political Persuasion in Campaigns.” In Oxford Handbook of Electoral Persuasion, eds. Elizabeth Suhay, Bernie Grofman, and Alex Trechsel. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Dittmar, Kelly, Kira Sanbonmatsu, and Susan Carroll. 2018. A Seat at the Table: Congresswomen’s Perspectives on Why Their Presence Matters. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Dolan, Julie, and Paru Shah. 2020. “She Persisted: Gender, Electoral Loss, and the Decision to Run Again.” Political Research Quarterly 73(4): 957-966.

Dolan, Kathleen. 2005. “Do Women Candidates Play to Gender Stereotypes? Do Men Candidates Play to Women? Candidate Sex and Issues Priorities on Campaign Websites.” Political Research Quarterly 58(1): 31–44.

Dolan, Kathleen. 2010. “The Impact of Gender Stereotyped Evaluations on Support for Women Candidates.” Political Behavior 32(1): 69–88.

Dolan, Kathleen, and Timothy Lynch. 2017. “Do Candidates Run as Women and Men or Democrats and Republicans? The Impact of Party and Sex on Issue Campaigns.” Journal of Women, Politics & Policy 38(4): 522-546.

Eagly, Alice, and Linda Carli. 2007. Through the Labyrinth: The Truth About How Women Become Leaders. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

Eagly, Alice, and Steven Karau. 2002. “Role Congruity Theory and Prejudice Toward Female Leaders.” Psychological Review 109(3): 573–598.

Fraga, Luis Ricardo, Linda Lopez, Valerie Martinez-Ebers, and Ricardo Ramirez. 2005. “Gender and Ethnicity: Patterns of Electoral Success and Legislative Advocacy Among Latino and Latina State Officials in Four States.” In Intersectionality and Politics: Recent Research on Gender, Race, and Political Representation in the United Statesed. Carol Hardy-Fanta. Binghamton, NY: The Haworth Press, 121-146.

Fulton, Sarah. 2012. “Running Backwards and in High Heels: The Gendered Quality Gap and Incumbent Electoral Success.” Political Research Quarterly 65(2): 303–314.

Fulton, Sarah. 2014. “When Gender Matters: Macro-dynamics and Micro-mechanisms.” Political Behavior 36(3): 605–630.

Fulton, Sarah A., and Kostanca Dhima. 2020. “The Gendered Politics of Congressional Elections.” Political Behavior  [Online First].

Gay, Claudine, and Katherine Tate. 1998. “Double Bound: The Impact of Gender and Race on the Politics of Black Women.” Political Psychology 19(1): 169–184.

Gershon, Sarah, Celeste Montoya, Christina Bejarano, and Nadia Brown. 2019. “Intersectional Linked Fate and Political Representation.” Politics, Groups, and Identities 7(3): 642–653.

Gershon, Sarah, and Jessica Lavariega Monforti. 2019. “Intersecting Campaigns: Candidate Race, Ethnicity, Gender and Voter Evaluations.” Politics, Groups, and Identities (Online First).

Gimenez, Alejandra Teresita, Christopher F. Karpowitz, J. Quin Monson, and Jessica Robinson Preece. 2017. “Selection Effects and Self-Presentation: How the Double Bind Strangles Women’s Representation.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid­west Political Science Association, Chicago, IL, April 6-9.

Gordon, Ann, and Jerry Miller. 2005. When Stereotypes Collide: Race/Ethnicity, Gender, and Videostyle in Congressional Campaigns. New York, NY: Peter Lang.

Hancock, Ange-Marie. 2007. “When Multiplication Doesn’t Equal Quick Addition: Examining Intersectionality as a Research Paradigm.” Perspectives on Politics 5(1): 63-79.

Hennings, Valerie M. 2011. “Civic Selves: Gender, candidate training programs, and envisioning political participation.” PhD Dissertation. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin–Madison.

Herrnson, Paul, J. Celeste Lay, and Atiya Kai Stokes. 2003. “Women Running ‘as Women’: Candidate Gender, Campaign Issues, and Voter-Targeting Strategies.” The Journal of Politics 65(1): 244–255.

Hicks, Heather. 2019. “Intersectional Stereotyping in Political Campaigns: Whites’ Evaluations of Black Women Candidates.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC, August 29-September 1.

Huddy, Leonie, and Nayda Terkildsen. 1993. “Gender Stereotypes and the Perception of Male and Female Candidates.” American Journal of Political Science 37(1): 119–147.

Iyengar, Shanto, Nicholas A. Valentino, Stephen Ansolabehere, and Adam F. Simon. 1997. “Running as a Woman: Gender Stereotyping in Political Campaigns.” In Women, Media, and Politics, ed. Pippa Norris. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 77–98.

Kahn, Kim Fridkin. 1996. The Political Consequences of Being a Woman. New York, NY: Co­lumbia Press.

King, David C. and Richard E. Matland. 2003. “Sex and the Grand Old Party: An Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Candidate Sex on Support for a Republican Candidate.” American Politics Research 31(6): 595-612.

Koenig, Anne, Alice Eagly, Abigail Mitchell, and Tiina Ristikari. 2011. “Are Leader Stereotypes Masculine? A Meta-Analysis of Three Research Paradigms.” Psychological Bulletin 137(4): 616–642.

Kreitzer, Rebecca, and Tracy Osborn. 2018. “The Emergence and Activities of Women’s Recruiting Groups in the U.S.” Politics, Groups, & Identities (Online First).

Krupnikov, Yanna, and Nichole Bauer. 2014. “The Relationship Between Campaign Negativity, Gender and Campaign Context.” Political Behavior 36(1): 167–188.

Ladam, Christina, Jeffrey Harden, and Jason Windett. 2018. “Prominent Role Models: High-Profile Female Politicians and the Emergence of Women as Candidates for Public Office.” American Journal of Political Science 62(2): 369–381.

Larson, Stephanie Greco. 2001. “Running as Women? A Comparison of Female and Male Pennsylvania Assembly Candidates’ Brochures.” Women & Politics 22: 107–124.

Lawless, Jennifer, and Kathryn Pearson. 2008. “The Primary Reason for Women’s Underrepresentation? Reevaluating the Conventional Wisdom.” The Journal of Politics 70(1): 67–82.

Lazarus, Jeffrey, and Amy Steigerwalt. 2018. Gendered Vulnerability: How Women Work Harder to Stay in Office. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Lemi, Danielle Casarez, and Nadia Brown. 2019. “Melanin and Curls: Evaluation of Black Women Candidates.” Journal of Race, Ethnicity, and Politics 4(2): 259-296.

Lopez, Mark, Ana Gonzalez-Barrera, and Jens Krogstad. 2018. “More Latinos Have Serious Concerns About Their Place in America Under Trump.” Pew Research Center, October 25.

Mansbridge, Jane. 1999. “Should Blacks Represent Blacks and Women Represent Women? A Contingent ‘Yes’.” The Journal of Politics 61(3): 628-657.

Monforti, Jessica Lavariega, and Sarah Allen Gershon. 2016. “Una Ventaja? A Survey Experiment of the Viability of Latina Candidates.” In Latinas in American Politics: Changing and Embracing Political Tradition, eds. Sharon A. Navarro, Samantha L. Hernandez, and Leslie A. Navarro. Lanham, MD: Lexington Press, 23-38.

Osborn, Tracy. 2012. How Women Represent Women: Political Parties, Gender, and Representation in the State Legislatures. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Pantoja, Adrian. 2018. “Latino Voters Will Turn Anger into Action in the 2018 Congressional Midterm Elections.” Latino Decisions.

Pearson, Kathryn, and Eric McGhee. 2013. “What It Takes to Win: Question ‘Gender Neutral’ Outcomes in U.S. House Elections.” Politics & Gender 9(4): 439–462.

Perry, Andre M. 2018. “Analysis of Black Women’s Electoral Strength in an Era of Fractured Politics.” Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.

Phillips, Anne. 1998.

Philpot, Tasha, and Hanes Walton. 2007. “One of Our Own: Black Female Candidates and the Voters Who Support Them.” American Journal of Political Science 51(1): 49–62.

Phoenix, Davin L. 2019. The Anger Gap: How Race Shapes Emotion in Politics. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Public Religion Research Institute. 2019. “Fractured Nation: Widening Partisan Polarization and Key Issues in 2020 Presidential Elections.”

Putnam, Lara and Theda Skocpol. 2018. “Middle America Reboots Democracy.” Democracy Journal, February 20.

Sanbonmatsu, Kira. 2015. “Electing Women of Color: The Role of Campaign Trainings.” Journal of Women, Politics & Policy 36(2): 137–160.

Sanbonmatsu, Kira and Kathleen Dolan. 2009. “Do Gender Stereotypes Transcend Party?” Political Research Quarterly 62(3): 485–494.

Sanbonmatsu, Kira, and Kelly Dittmar. 2020. “Are you Ready-to-Run? Campaign Trainings and Women’s Candidacies in New Jersey.” In Good Reasons to Run: Women as Political Candidates, eds. Rachel Bernhard, Shauna Shames, Dawn Teele, and Mirya Holman. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

Sanbonmatsu, Kira, Susan J. Carroll, and Debbie Walsh. 2008. Poised to Run: Women’s Pathways to the State LegislaturesNew Brunswick, NJ: Center for American Women and Politics, Rutgers University.

Schneider, Monica. 2014. “The Effects of Gender-Bending on Candidate Evaluations.” Journal of Women, Politics & Policy 35(1): 55–77.

Shames, Shauna. 2017. Out of the Running: Why Millennials Reject Political Careers and Why it Matters. New York: New York University Press.

Smooth, Wendy. 2006. “Intersectionality in Electoral Politics: A Mess Worth Making.” Politics & Gender 2(3): 400-414.

Sweet-Cushman, Jennie. 2019. “See It, Be It? The Use of Role Models in Campaign Trainings for Women.” Politics, Groups, and Identities 7(4): 853-863.

Swers, Michele. 2002. The Difference Women Make: The Policy Impact of Women in Congress. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Thomsen, Danielle. 2018. “Gender Differences in Candidate Reemergence.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid­west Political Science Association, Chicago, IL, April 5-8.

Thomsen, Danielle. 2020. “Ideology and Gender in U.S. House Elections.” Political Behavior 42: 415-442.

Thomsen, Danielle, and Bailey K. Sanders. 2020. “Gender Differences in Legislator Responsiveness.” Perspectives on Politics 18(4): 1017-1030.

Towler, Christopher, and Christopher Parker. 2018. “Between Anger and Engagement: Donald Trump and Black America.” Journal of Race, Ethnicity and Politics 3(1): 219–253.

Volden, Craig, Alan E. Wiseman, and Dana E. Wittmer. 2013. “Why Are Women More Effective Members of Congress?American Journal of Political Science 57(2): 326-41.

Wasserman, Melanie. 2018. “Gender Differences in Politician Persistence.” Working Paper.

Wittman, Donald. 1983. “Candidate Motivation: A Synthesis of Alternative Theories.” The American Political Science Review 77(1): 142-157.

Wolbrecht, Christina, and David E. Campbell. 2017. “Role Models Revisited: Youth, Novelty, and the Impact of Female Candidates.” Politics, Groups, and Identities 5(3): 418–34.